News Digest – Federalism (December 31, 2020 – January 6, 2021)


Two Third Majority

Provincial Parliamentary activities: Gandaki Pradesh Chief Minister Prithvi Subba Gurung is preparing to reshuffle two ministers—the Minister for Internal Affairs and Law and the Minister for Land Management, Agriculture, and Cooperative from his cabinet. On December 27, after the dissolution of the House of Representatives, the provincial governments started to reshuffle the cabinets. Now, Nepal communist Party’s parliamentarians are divided into two factions of Oli and Prachanda-Nepal.

Three Members of the Parliaments of Bagmati Pradesh have withdrawn their signatures on a no-confidence motion against Chief Minister Dormani Poudel. This means the lawmakers have expressed their support to CM Paudel and PM KP Oli’s decision of dissolving the House of Representatives and going for a fresh mandate.

On January 5, 2021, the Gandaki Pradesh Assembly organized a special session and discussed the country’s past one-year phenomena and issues related to the change of the government. The session called the main opposition Nepali Congress and Janata Samajwadi Party and discussed the constitutional provision regarding parliamentary dissolution.

Provincial Harmony Developments: After three years of the establishment of the provincial government, the provincial level has not prepared the ‘Doing Business’ environment yet, due to lack of laws, policies, and regulations that promotes investment. Even provincial governments have not classified which sector is government investment and private investment.

Bhaktapur hospital has been identified as the best provincial hospital as per service standards. The hospital received 82 points out of 100. The hospital provides ventilator and ICU services as well.

River exploitation: Construction businessmen are exploiting the rivers in Myagdi district due to the weak laws of representatives and administrations. Most of the crusher industries are also being illegally operated. But local representatives and administrations have remained silent on the illegal activity. 

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