Politics and Elections

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The Prachanda-Nepal faction of the NCP has urged the Election Commission to stop the election process. The government had dissolved the Federal House of Representatives on December 20 and announced that elections would be held on April 3 and 4. The matter is being evaluated in the Constitutional Court of the Supreme Court. Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Madhav Kumar Nepal reached the Election Commission and demanded to stop the election process.

In its analysis, Setopati claims that elections would not be possible in April 30 and May 10 given the fact that the Election Commission cannot register new parties after elections are announced. This means that the split factions of NCP cannot register as a separate party for the purpose of the upcoming elections to the House of Representatives.

However, the Election Commission is bound by law to hold elections at the announced date unless the Supreme Court decides otherwise. The commission has decided to appoint liaisons at all state and local levels. In a press release, the commission decided to appoint one liaison person at each state and local level to compile and update the voter list at the local level, conduct election and voter education programs, disseminate information and messages related to the election, and provide necessary assistance and coordination.

The writ petition filed against the government after the dissolution of the House of Representatives has not been heard. There are many grounds for reviving the parliament. However, in Humla, the midterm elections are in full swing. The program was started by the District Election Office, Humla, after the government said that the election would be held on April 3 and 4. There are 52 polling stations in Humla, which has 44 wards in seven village municipalities of the district. Mahesh Kumar Thapa, acting District Election Officer of the District Election Office, Humla, informed that the preparations for the District Election Office have been started after the government scheduled the election on April 3 and 4. District Election Officer Thapa said that the work of correcting the errors in the voters’ list and removing the protests will start from January 31.

According to the federal structure, the re-election committee is in charge of adjusting disputed districts. The Central Committee was entrusted with the task of resolving the dispute, however, the committee failed to carry out the integration process even after a year. However, the Central Committee meeting held on Tuesday decided that the re-election committee would adjust the disputed districts.

Possibility of violence and conflict

Given the intense conflict between the two NCP factions led by PM Oli and Pushpa Kamal Dahal, the upcoming election, whenever it is held, will likely see violent conflict between the two factions. According to experts, conflict is also likely during the budgetary sessions of the Provinces and local governments as the factions in power will try to use budget distribution to influence voters.

Timeline of important political events in January:

DateEvents
Jan 1Jan 1: Rashtriya Prajatantra Party organizes pro-monarchy protest in Kathmandu against parliamentary dissolution
Jan 6Jan 6: The Supreme Court begins hearing the cases against parliamentary dissolution
Jan 7Jan 7: The Election Commission begins allotting polling stations for the mid-term election
Jan 9Jan 9: Dhoti rally in Kathmandu in PM Oli’s favor
Jan 11Jan 11: PM Oli appears in two interviews on Indian TV channels
Jan 13Jan 13: In a “secret” meeting Dahal and Nepal proposed Deuba to collaborate with the Nepal-Dahal faction against PM Oli’s “unconstitutional” move
Jan 20JSPN’s protest against House dissolution
Jan 21Jan 21: Nepal Rajpatra produces a backdated notice about the House dissolution
Jan 22Jan 22: Dahal-Nepal faction’s mass protest in Kathmandu; PM Oli announces mass gathering for Feb 5
Jan 24Jan 24: The Election Commission rules out NCP’s split
Jan 25Jan 25: PM Oli performs puja at the Pashupatinath temple; civil society’s peaceful rally against PM Oli’s ‘unconstitutional’ move
Jan 29Jan 29: Hearing two Contempt of Court cases filed against PM Oli, the Supreme Court summons him to appear before the court
Jan 30Jan 30: Peaceful demonstration in Kathmandu led by Dr. Govinda KC and journalist Narayan Wagle

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